“The assumption is always that flying a light aircraft, especially a single engine, is a risk.”
Sophia is a UK-based obstetrician who recently flew a small airplane from the U.K. to South Africa, landing in 26 African countries along the way to promote safe pregnancy.
Which is more dangerous, having a baby in a low-resource setting or single-handedly flying a plane over an ocean?
Definitely the baby. Unsafe pregnancy is impacting directly on the safety of the life of mothers and children on a daily basis.
The assumption is always that flying a light aircraft, especially a single engine, is a risk. The fact that it’s comparatively much safer demonstrates the level of risk that women around the world are putting themselves through – not just once, but multiple times through their reproductive life.
I don’t think people realize the extent to which women’s lives are at risk just for the fact that they want a family.
What was the idea behind the journey?
It’s difficult to measure women’s health, there are a lot of different angles. Whereas a fairly simple way of thinking about how healthy a pregnant population is: how many women survive that journey?
Women who are going through pregnancy and childbirth in high-resource countries don’t really understand what their counterparts in sub Saharan Africa have to face. There’s under-recognition even within the professional community.
It’s always difficult to marry what you read and what you see. Generally statistics read true on the ground. But a statistic versus seeing the reality is something different. I compared what I saw and it fired me up. It’s not fair on so many levels.
What is the likelihood of childbirth by C-section?
Most women in their lives will get pregnant. We’re all at risk of the same clinical problems, but only in some countries will they advance unmanaged; only in some countries will you die from them.
For a first pregnancy in the U.K. there’s a 20% risk of having a C-section. The exact percentage varies around the world, but one thing remains the same: it needs to be conducted in a theatre with an anaesthetist and a surgeon. In some of the countries I visited women will be laboring in the village without even a skilled midwife.
What does this mean for the healthcare community?
The local professionals work really hard. They’re swamped, under-resourced, overworked, and at times are limited by what they can do as individuals.
The reasons women are dying in pregnancy are usually associated with haemhorrage. They need blood but there’s no transfusion; they have high blood pressure but there’s no doctor to give medication – or no medication at all. Monitoring is a problem – there’s a functioning blood pressure machine but then you find it doesn’t work.
That becomes exhausting after a fairly short period of time. There’s this idea of wanting a healthy mother and baby, and it’s just not always achievable.
Did you bump into a lot of internationals NGOs along the way?
What really struck me was that some places would have lots of outside donations, and NGOs working in the same places. Other countries were really lacking in that funding and collaboration.
In Darfur I landed on a gravel strip, UN helicopters all around – it was quite a difficult area to get to. But when I arrived, all of the student midwives were lined up with a banner, singing. They’re relatively ignored by the global midwifery community and they wanted to show a great welcome to someone coming to talk to them about maternal health.
What did you notice, switching so often between the sky and the land?
As you travel further south the weather changes – there’s cloud and rain and suddenly over Chad, Sudan, you start to see very good views.
You appreciate the beauty, how small we are in comparison to the earth, the moon the stars. But you also realize quite how remote some of the communities on the ground are. Sometimes I couldn’t believe I was looking down into the Sahara desert and there are villages there. You’re looking for roads, and there are no roads. Of course there will be women, and women having babies – and at some point they will need medical help.
You start to marry that up with the maternal death rate.
The first clinic she gets to might not have a theatre or surgical staff; by the time she gets to a place where she can have a C-section, she’s often moribund and the baby’s often dead. If women can’t access a safe place to give birth, what is their chance of a successful delivery?
What’s the change you’re hoping to see?
There was a poster on the wall of a hospital in Zambia that said “no woman should die because she gives life.” You want to see a change in attitude – a fight. I hope the communities I visited will be inspired to make a stand – that it’s not good enough that our women are dying. What can we do at local and national level.
We need to think more about the problems that are happening. Even when it’s not hugely local to us we need to think about it on a wider scale – because effectively it’s a war against woman that so many are not surviving.